The grammar of the evaluator is similar to that of JScript (Javascript) and C++.

Brief introduction

Generally, evaluation of an expression proceeds from left-to-right. Standard BODMAS rules apply to mathematical operators - you can use parentheses () to change the order of evaluation. If an evaluation expression contains more than one clause, each clause must end with a semi-colon ; character.

You can use if, elseif and else to test conditions and perform different evaluations based on the results. The condition to test must appear inside parentheses (). You can also use the ?: ternary operator (also known as the conditional operator).

You can open a scope after an if, elseif or else using a { character and close it with a }. Scopes are used to allow for more than one clause to be evaluated as the result of the test.

You can assign variables using =. Variables do not need to be declared in advance. Variables are typed but not strongly-typed - the type will be inferred and conversion between types is automatic. You can also use the as operator for explicit conversion.

The evaluator provides a number of functions. To call a function, the function name needs to be followed by parentheses (). If the function takes any arguments these must be comma-separated and appear inside the parentheses - but the parentheses are needed even if the function takes no arguments.

You can use comments, which are ignored by the evaluator - they must begin with a //.

Return values

Most contexts that invoke the evaluator expect a return value. For example, an evaluation expression to modify a button label would return a string to use as the label of the button.

You can return the result of an evaluation expression to the caller using the return keyword.

return "The Button Label";

Evaluation expressions also have an implicit return value if the return keyword isn't used - the value of the last referenced function, operator or variable will be returned if one is not stated explicitly. This is a convenience to save space.

For example, you can insert the value of the evaluator variable "source" directly into a command line with the code {=source=}. This is equivalent to {=return source;=}.


The following mathematical operators are supported:

+Addition / concatenation

The following assignment operators are supported:

=Direct assignment
+=Addition assignment
-=Subtraction assignment
*=Multiplication assignment
/=Division assignment

Pre- and post-increment and decrement operators are supported:


(Pre-increment, e.g. ++a, returns the incremented value; post-increment, e.g. a++, returns the previous value).

The following relational (comparison) operators are supported:

==Is equal to
Is not equal to
>Is greater than
<Is less than
>=Is greater than or equal to
<=Is less than or equal to

The following logical operators are supported:

Logical AND
Logical OR
Logical NOT

The following bitwise operators are supported:

&Bitwise AND
|Bitwise OR
~Bitwise NOT
^Bitwise XOR

Other operators:

?:The ternary operator returns a value based on a condition, e.g. x = a ? b : c; would set x to the value of b if a were true, otherwise it would be set to the value of c.
AsThe conversion operator. Lets you convert a variable to an explicit type. Can also be used to format numbers, sizes and dates.
:When used by itself (and not as part of the ternary operator), this provides a way to initialise a variable as an explicit type.
[ ]Used to define a value container. A value container is a variable that can contain other variables - kind of like a struct in C++ or a Javascript object array.
.Used to access a member variable of a value container.
If / ElseIf / Else

The main form of flow control in the evaluator begins with an if clause. The condition to test must appear inside parentheses. The condition (which can include function calls and mathemetical operations) is evaluated as either true or false. If the result is true, the code branch immediately following the if is entered. If that code branch needs to contain more than a single clause, you must open a scope using a { brace character.

// Simple test, if x equals 5 we return the string "five" to whoever called us
if (x == 5) return "five";

// More complex test, if x plus y is greater than 20...
if (x + y > 20)
	// we've opened a scope so we can have more than one clause
	Output("yes it's more than 20!");
	return "more than twenty";

If the condition tested by the if clause evaluates to false, the evaluator skips over the next clause (or the next scope, if a scope is opened). It then looks for an elseif or else keyword. Elseif lets you provide another condition to test - the same behavior applies to that as with if.

if (x + y > 20)
	return "more than twenty";
elseif (x == 5)
	return "five";

You can have as many elseif clauses as you like. The evaluator will continue evaluating the conditions for each one in order, until it finds one that evaluates as true.

If an else clause is provided then the code following it is only executed if none of the preceding conditions evaluated as true.

if (x + y > 20)
	return "more than twenty";
elseif (x == 5)
	return "five";
	return "something else";

Note that only one (at most) of the if, elseif or else clauses in a block will have its code executed. If the block does not end with an else then its possible that none of the code within the block would be executed (i.e. if all conditions evaluate to false).

Ternary Operator

The ternary or comparison operator is the only operator that takes three parameters rather than two. It's basically a shorthand form of if/else.

return (x == 5) ? "five" : "something else";

The expression immediately to the left of the ? is evaluated as true or false. If it evaluates to true, the value immediately to the right of the ? is returned - otherwise, the value to the right of the : is returned instead.

You can string multiple ternary operators together if desired:

return (x + y > 20) ? "more than twenty" : (x == 5) ? "five" : "something else";

Remembering that evaluation proceeds from left-to-right, in the above example:

  • Is the result of x + y greater than 20? If so, return "more than twenty"
  • Otherwise, is x equal to 5? If so, return "five"
  • Otherwise, return "something else"